In Brazil, the undergraduate studies of Law take an average of five years. The master’s course takes a maximum of four years and a minimum of two years. The doctorate, on the other hand, takes a maximum of five years and a minimum of two years.
After completing five years of undergraduate studies in a law school, a candidate is required to take the Bar examination which occurs in March, August, and December. The test consists of two phases: the written and the multiple choice test. To exercise the legal profession, graduates who hold a Bachelor’s Degree in Law must pass the Bar Association (AOB) examination. According to the Constitution, an ordinary legislator who wishes to pursue the legal profession must have a degree in law and approval by the Brazilian Bar Association.
The Brazilian bar association is known as the Order of Attorneys of Brazil. It was established in 1930 and has its headquarters in Brasilia. The association is an organization of lawyers and is responsible for the regulation of the legal profession in Brazil. As of 2013, the AOB had a total of 847,921 lawyers. Law graduates who wish to represent a client in a Court of Law must register with the Order of Attorneys of Brazil. Those who are registered can provide legal advice and act on behalf of a client in the Court. The organization works independently from the government but has public powers such as disciplinary action over members of the AOB.
Lawyers in Brazil
Brazil has many lawyers, and as of 2010, the country had 621,885 lawyers. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a Brazilian lawyer who has made great achievements in the field of law. One of his accomplishments is being a founding partner of Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados, one of the leading Brazilian law firms. Mr. has also been a pioneer in the adoption of numerous legal mechanisms which are commonly being used in the Brazilian legal community.
Ricardo Tosto attended Mackenzie Presbyterian University in Sao Paulo where he graduated with a distinction in law. He further studied Business Administration at the Fundação Armando AlvaresPenteado. Besides being a prominent lawyer, Mr. Tosto is an author. He co-authored “The Tiradentes Process.”